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Questions and Negative Sentences > Questions and Negative Sentences


We usually make questions by changing the word order, i.e. we put the auxiliary verb before subject.

  • What does this word mean?

  • Is Thomas looking for a job?

  • Did you go to work by car?

In English sentences, many important meanings are expressed by the form of the verb phrase – e.g. questioning, negation, time, repetition, completion, possibility, continuation, willingness, obligation. Since English verbs do not have many different forms a number of auxiliary/ helping verbs are added to other verbs.

1. Be is added to other verbs to make progressive or passive forms.

  • Is Thomas looking for a job?

  • Are you learning English for your job?

  • Ann was promoted last week.

2. Do is used to make questions, emphatic forms of non-auxiliary verbs and negatives.

  • Do you want to go to Jane’s party?

  • Do seat down.

  • It didn’t rain yesterday.

3. Have is used to make perfect forms.

  • Haven’t we met somewhere before?

  • We have bought a new car.

4. Modal auxiliary verbs

The verbs will, shall, would, should, can, could, may, might, must and ought are usually called 'modal auxiliary verbs'. They are used with other verbs to add various meanings, mostly to do with degrees of certainty or obligation.

  • Can I talk to my friends in the library waiting room?

  • Jill might be my advisor next semester.

  • Would you please speak slowly?








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