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Tenses > Past Perfect Continuous

1. We use the Past Perfect Continuous to show that something started in the past and continued up until another time in the past.
  • I had been working really hard , so I felt that I deserved a holiday.

  • Alex had been working in Sydney for more than ten years before he left for Europe.

2. We use the present perfect to show the cause and effect of something which had happened in the past.
  • The ground was wet. It had been raining. (It was not raining, but the ground was wet)

  • Sarah was out of breath when I met her yesterday. She had been running. ( She had been running before I met her.)